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Fatehpur Sikri

 

37 kms from Agra is built a city predominantly in Red Sandstone and is called Fatehpur Sikri. This town was built by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar.

He had planned this city as his capital but shortage of water compelled him to abandon the city. After this within 20 years, the capital of Mughals was shifted to Lahore.

Fatehpur Sikri was built during 1571 and 1585. Today this ghost city has a population of about 30,000. This deserted city has retained many of the old structures, because of the efforts of the Archaeological department.

Fatehpur Sikri is one of the finest examples of Mughal architectural splendour at its height. Though the city is in ruins, it is a place to visit if one comes to Agra.But in real terms Fatehpur Sikri is a place where one should spend some time. The sunset over the ruins is sight to cherish.

Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian & Hindu architecture.

Prime attractios of Fatehpur Sikri are...

Diwan-khana-I-khaas

Fatehpur Sikri Diwan-khana-I-khaasTo the right is an apparently looking two storeyed building, with corner kiosks, known as diwan-khana-I-khaas or Hall Of Private Audience. On entering it, one finds only a single vaulted chamber. In the centre stands a profusely carved column supporting a collosal-bracketed capital. Four narrow causeways project from the centre and run to each corner of the chamber. It is believed that Akbarís throne occupied the circular space over the capital and the corners were assigned to the four ministers.

Diwan-I-Am

The journey to the royal palace begins with Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of Public Audience. This hall was also used for celebrations and public prayers. It has cloisters on three sides of a rectangular courtyard. To the west is a pavilion with the Emperorís throne. Beautiful jali screen on either sides separated the ladies attending the court.

The Treasury

To the left of the Diwan-I-Khaas is the Treasury or Ankh Michauli, once believed to have been used for playing the game, comprising three rooms each protected by a narrow corridor which were manned by guards.

Turkish Sultanaís House

Fatehpur Sikri Turkish Sultanaís HouseTo the left of the Pachisi Board is the Turkish Sultanaís house. The house, as its location at the corner of Anup Talao shows, was a pavilion for repose, attached to the pool. The geometrical pattern on the ceiling is reminiscent of Central Asian carvings in wood.

Palace of Jodha Bai

Fatehpur Sikri Palace of Jodha BaiTo the left of the Sunehra Makaan is the largest and the most important building in the royal palace, named after Akbarís Rajput wife, Jodha Bai. This spacious palace was assured of privacy and security by high walls and a 9 metre guarded gate to the east. The architecture is a blend of styles with Hindu columns and Muslim cupolas.

Daulat khana-I-khas

Located in the corner to the left is the emperorís private chamber. It has two main rooms on the ground floor. One housed Akbarís library while the larger room was his resting area. On the first floor is the Khwabgah or the bed-chamber. It was connected with the Turkish Sultanaís house, the Panch Mahal, Mariamís House and the Jodha Baiís palace by corridors.

Sunehra Makan

Opposite to the Diwan-I-Khas is the palace of Akbarís Rajput wife, Mariam-Uz-Zamani. This two-storeyed building is richly adorned by gold murals in Persian style. The beams have inscriptions of verses by Akbarís brother, Faizi.

Panch Mahal

Fatehpur Sikri Panch MahalTo the right of Sunehra Makan is the elegant, airy 5 storeyed pavilion, the Panch Mahal. Each floor over here is smaller than the one below and it rises to a single domed kiosk on top supported by four columns providing a magnificent view of the city and its environs.

Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid

To the right of Jodha Baiís palace is Hawa Mahal, the Palace of Winds. This small-screened wind tower faces the garden and is attached to the palace. The garden is laid out in the Char Bagh style with straight walls intersecting at right angles and divided by shallow channels.

Birbalís Palace

To the north west of the Jodha Baiís Palace is the 2 storeyed palace occupied by Akbarís two senior queens- ruqnayya begum and salima sultan begum. It has two storeys-four rooms and two porches with pyramidical roofs below and two rooms with cupolas and screened terraces above. The building combines hindu and muslim atyles of srchitecture.

The Jami Masjid

One of the largest mosques in India, Jami Masjid was built in 1571 AD. Inside, there is a vast congregational coutyard. To the right, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next ot this is the tomb of the royal ladies. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cuttersí mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri. It is entered through the eastern entrance known as the Buland Darwaza.

Dargah Of Sheikh Salim Chisti

Fatehpur Sikri Dargah Of Sheikh Salim ChistiTo the North of the Mosque is the Dargah of Shaikh Salim Chishti. This Dargah was built in 1570. Here, childless women come for blessings of the saint. Even Akbar was blessed with three sons, when he came here. The lattice work in the Dargah is among the finest to be found any where in India.

Buland Darwaza

Fatehpur Sikri Buland DarwazaThis gate can be approached from the outside by a 13-metre flight of steps which adds to its grandeur. The gate erected in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbarís victory over Deccan is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world.

Travel Information

Timing: Sunrise to sunset

Entry Fees: Foreigners - Rs 260/-, Indians - Rs 20/-
No entry fee for children below the age of 15 years, both Indian & Foreigner.

Days of opening: Open on all Days

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